A foreign national can immigrate to Canada under the federal or provincial programs. Canadian provinces/territories can nominate immigrants through the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). Candidates must want to live in the specific Canadian province and have the skills, education, and work experience to contribute to the economy of that province/territory.
Most Canadian territories and provinces can nominate immigrants through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP). These immigrants must have work experience, the skills and education to contribute to the economy of that territory or province. They also must want to live there.
Each territory and province, except the province of Quebec, has criteria for their PNP and its own “streams” – immigration programs that target certain groups. For example, different territories and provinces may target business people, students, semi-skilled workers or skilled workers.
Here is a Provincial Nomination Process:
Find out if you are eligible
Each territory and province’s streams, nomination guidelines and eligibility requirements for their PNP can change without notice.
If you are nominated under a non-Express Entry stream:
- you must apply through the paper-based process, and
- if the territory or province finds you qualified and nominates you, you will submit an application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
If you are nominated under a territory and province’s Express Entry stream, you must:
- meet the requirements of that territory and province, and
- meet the minimum criteria for Express Entry (this includes meeting the requirements of one of its immigration programs).
Submit an application
To apply for the PNP in both cases (Express Entry or non-Express Entry), your application process will have two stages:
- First, you must decide where you want to live in Canada and apply to that territory or province for a nomination.
- After getting their nomination, you must submit an application for permanent residency to IRCC.
Also, under a PNP Express Entry stream, you will need to show that you meet the minimum criteria for Express Entry and complete an Express Entry profile.
As part of the process, you will need to get a police check (certificate) and pass a medical exam. All immigrants must have them, regardless of where they plan to live in Canada.
Check processing times
Express Entry processes the majority of complete applications for permanent residence within six months or less.