Refugees > Person in Need of Protection

Person in Need of Protection

Refugees who already have arrived in Canada may be eligible to claim protection if they fear persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion or would be in danger if they had to leave Canada.

The person in need of protection – is an individual who isn’t able to safely return to their home country. The reason for that may be facing life-threatening circumstances, danger of severe physical or mental pain or suffering.

The Canadian government offers protection to refugees. Those are people who because of the dangerous circumstances they may face on return to their country. The protection applies if they will face torture or persecution. It also applies in case of severe punishment and treatment or any life-threatening conditions on returning to their home country. Such people are eligible to claim refugee status.

But you need to be aware that only the Refugee Board of Canada decides who is considered to be a person in need of protection. If you feel that you could face one of these risks if you go back to your home country or the country you used to live, you may be eligible to seek protection in Canada.


If you are under a removal order, you cannot ask for the person in need of protection status.

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January 2019

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